We all know people are naturally social beings—we need interactions to survive. But just because we’re naturally social doesn’t mean we know how to be social. We have to learn social behaviors—from our families, caregivers, and peers. Teachers play a key role in promoting social development, which includes peer play and friendships.
Knowing how social development looks at different ages and phases is important so that your expectations match children’s needs. This allows you to promote developmentally appropriate peer interactions. At any age, you can encourage, facilitate, and model:
You can also provide words to help children communicate and reinforce positive behaviors.
Let’s see what this might look like in classrooms.
The teacher in this infant classroom facilitates joint play and sharing as two children roll a ball to each other. Watch what happens when she walks away!
These toddlers are practicing social skills as part of a song and movement activity as their teacher models and encourages respect, kindness, and positive relationships. The hug at the end is priceless!
This pre-K teacher takes advantage of a teachable moment to encourage a child to connect with her peers (“Maybe you can have the cake for the party....We could bring it to the party. Go deliver your cake.”). She gives her words to initiate the connection (“Ask whose birthday it is!”) and reinforces what she did well (“What nice manners!”). Notice the exuberant response from the child’s friends!
Learning social behaviors and understanding how to interact with peers is essential for children, especially in school. After watching the examples above think about how you encourage peer relationships in classrooms and what new strategies you can use from the videos.
The time has come for hard conversations.
That’s the feedback we have been receiving from educators across the country. There are plenty of tough conversations educators are trained, taught, or feel equipped to handle with children and families - gently bringing up a developmental concern, facilitating a disagreement between students, or explaining what happened with the classroom goldfish are all part of a day in the life. But in the last year, since the killing of George Floyd and other Black people at the hands of police, educators are increasingly asking for help in communicating more comfortably with young children about diversity and difference.
We’re still soaking up the wisdom shared by our many, many excellent speakers at the spring 2021 InterAct Summit. From its inception, Teachstone has been an organization based in research. Because the CLASS is reliable and valid, teachers and programs trust it to give meaningful, accurate, and actionable information. To learn more about the current work being done in the field, we invited co-founder Bob Pianta to give an update on new research findings.
I was supposed to be an architect, instead I was a teacher of young children; it felt like my calling.
When I started my coursework, they tasked me with visiting multiple classrooms. It overwhelmed me when in some classrooms, children were crying, teachers were frustrated, and no one seemed to enjoy the day. I thought I had made a mistake. Thankfully, I had a professor who inspired me to continue. Instead of feeling overwhelmed by the behaviors I observed in both children and teachers, the professor charged me to uncover the root of those behaviors.
And so, my journey to support social-emotional development began.
At Teachstone, we are all in on early learning. The research shows us that, with the help of effective educators, there is so much potential to build a strong foundation for children’s learning well before elementary school. But some research, including the Head Start Impact Study and the research on Tennessee’s voluntary pre-K, has complicated the story. Researchers found that in some cases, gains made in early childhood education seemed to fade out by around third grade.
Follow-up research has added to the narrative.