April 1st shall be memorialized in the minds of many of us as a benchmark day for the profession of early childhood education. And I use profession with proud intent. This was the day that the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Science released its comprehensive and visionary report: Transforming the Workforce for Children Birth Through Age 8: A Unifying Foundation. The authors of the report examined the science of early learning and child development to answer a pivotal question. What do lead educators need to know and be able to do to be effective in their work with children, birth through age eight?
The recommendation that is getting lots of attention is that all lead teachers of children from birth to age eight have a bachelor's degree in early child education or in a closely related field. The esteemed panel of experts responsible for the report decided it is time to stop debating whether infant, toddler, and preschool teachers need a BA degree or specialized training. They need both. A major take-away from this report is that qualification-silos based on sector or funding stream are not supported by science and do not serve the best interests of children. All young children, whether enrolled in schools, centers or home-based programs, deserve access to high quality early learning opportunities and the workforce determines the quality of that early learning experience.
It is important to note that the minimum requirement of a BA with specialized knowledge and skills in early childhood education is not just for lead teachers. The report uses the term “lead educator” which is defined to also include principals, center and program directors, and family child care providers. While a principal is likely to have a graduate degree, most principals do not have the requisite knowledge in early learning and development. The qualifications of center and program directors, as well as family child care providers, tend to be much lower than that of principals. Currently, only four states require a degree for the director of a licensed child care center; only one of these states requires a minimum of a BA. There are no states requiring a degree for family child care providers. The degree in early childhood/child development is only part of the equation. Leadership and management competencies are also essential. While the report highlights that effective leaders require competency in instructional leadership and program administration, only a handful of states currently require any college coursework in program administration prior to assuming the responsibilities of center director. No state requires college coursework in FCC-specific competencies.
The implications of the science of early learning are clear; children birth to age eight need well-prepared lead teachers across all early childhood settings, supported by well-prepared and effective program leaders. Now is the time to get down to business and figure out how to accomplish this goal given the diverse ways in which early learning and development services are delivered and funded. It won’t be quick or easy but local, state and federal policymakers, accrediting bodies, philanthropic foundations, large providers of early care and education services, and higher education entities will all need to pull together to achieve the audacious vision laid out by this report.
Most people I know who are invested in early childhood education look at Barack Obama’s 2013 State of the Union address as an important moment. In it, Obama called on the federal government and states to work together to “make high-quality preschool available to every child in America,” and talked about the economic and social impact of such policies. I teared up when I rewatched this speech. It’s powerful stuff. As it so often does, the conversation about early childhood education and care revolved around quality.
Okay, this is a slight change from our usual “What We’re Reading” posts. Instead of highlighting a particular article, we wanted to share an interesting application of research: this childcare cost calculator from the Center for American Progress. You can use it to estimate the impact of improving different parts of structural quality (the infrastructure that surrounds teaching, like teacher-child ratios, the physical space, and materials) on the cost of care.
A recently published issue brief by the Learning Policy Institute examines exactly what it would take to create cooperative early childhood education (ECE) policy change in California. The issue brief presents recommendations to California policymakers on how to improve early childhood education for all children. These recommendations are based on a previous report: Understanding California’s Early Care and Education System.
Everyone experiences stress in their daily lives. Some of it, like deadlines or first date nerves, are good stress. It propels you forward and helps you accomplish goals. Some stress, like the car in front of you slamming on the brakes, is acute, but temporary. But a more concerning type of stress that’s gained a lot of attention in the past few years is toxic stress, long-term, unrelenting exposure to stressful situations. In young children, this stress can alter the development of the brain, creating shortcuts to the parts of the brain that “turn on” stress responses and limiting connections to the parts of the brain responsible for learning and reasoning.