April 1st shall be memorialized in the minds of many of us as a benchmark day for the profession of early childhood education. And I use profession with proud intent. This was the day that the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Science released its comprehensive and visionary report: Transforming the Workforce for Children Birth Through Age 8: A Unifying Foundation. The authors of the report examined the science of early learning and child development to answer a pivotal question. What do lead educators need to know and be able to do to be effective in their work with children, birth through age eight?
The recommendation that is getting lots of attention is that all lead teachers of children from birth to age eight have a bachelor's degree in early child education or in a closely related field. The esteemed panel of experts responsible for the report decided it is time to stop debating whether infant, toddler, and preschool teachers need a BA degree or specialized training. They need both. A major take-away from this report is that qualification-silos based on sector or funding stream are not supported by science and do not serve the best interests of children. All young children, whether enrolled in schools, centers or home-based programs, deserve access to high quality early learning opportunities and the workforce determines the quality of that early learning experience.
It is important to note that the minimum requirement of a BA with specialized knowledge and skills in early childhood education is not just for lead teachers. The report uses the term “lead educator” which is defined to also include principals, center and program directors, and family child care providers. While a principal is likely to have a graduate degree, most principals do not have the requisite knowledge in early learning and development. The qualifications of center and program directors, as well as family child care providers, tend to be much lower than that of principals. Currently, only four states require a degree for the director of a licensed child care center; only one of these states requires a minimum of a BA. There are no states requiring a degree for family child care providers. The degree in early childhood/child development is only part of the equation. Leadership and management competencies are also essential. While the report highlights that effective leaders require competency in instructional leadership and program administration, only a handful of states currently require any college coursework in program administration prior to assuming the responsibilities of center director. No state requires college coursework in FCC-specific competencies.
The implications of the science of early learning are clear; children birth to age eight need well-prepared lead teachers across all early childhood settings, supported by well-prepared and effective program leaders. Now is the time to get down to business and figure out how to accomplish this goal given the diverse ways in which early learning and development services are delivered and funded. It won’t be quick or easy but local, state and federal policymakers, accrediting bodies, philanthropic foundations, large providers of early care and education services, and higher education entities will all need to pull together to achieve the audacious vision laid out by this report.
“How would you structure your classroom schedule?”
The first time I interviewed for an early childhood teaching position, this question stumped me. As straightforward as it sounds, I hadn’t really thought about it before! There are so many factors to consider: What activities do my students like? How do they learn best? How do I fit in the activities that licensing or my education director think are important? How do I align these with learning standards or my students’ goals? And, realistically, what are my strengths as a teacher?
The CLASS measure allows us to quantify the quality of teacher-child interactions—and that is a powerful thing. But collecting observation data, alone, does nothing to impact students. Improving child outcomes takes more than just data collection; it’s what you do with the data that really matters.
Welcome to our newest blog series dedicated to the research we're reading and thinking about.
The last time I was at a family function, I was excited to catch up with my 15-year-old cousin. I hadn’t seen him for a while, and I was ready to get clued into the high school world. Sadly, he had other plans, most of which involved watching YouTube videos and responding to my questions with, “sure,” and “cool, Allie.”
Have you ever thought that the CLASS tool seemed subjective? Perhaps you’ve coded with another certified observer and come up with very different scores for the same classroom? Maybe you’ve struggled with the reliability test or CLASS Calibration and felt that it was due to you seeing the classroom in a different light or interpreting certain situations differently? You’re not alone. Many observers have been there.