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Teacher-Student Interactions in Grades 4 through 12: What the Research Says

29 Aug 2014 by Ginny Vitiello

At Teachstone, we spend so much time focused on early childhood that it's easy to lose track of all the great work being done in the upper grades. For this reason, my colleague, Joe Pierce, and Jessica, our blog moderator, asked me to review some of the research on interactions in upper elementary and secondary classrooms. There are recent findings that point to the importance of teacher-student interactions, even for students in high school. Here are some key points, along with links to articles in case you want to dig deeper.

Emotional support:

Instructional support:

Overall CLASS scores:

  • Results from the Gates Foundation Measures of Effective Teaching study found significant associations between CLASS scores and math and English language arts assessment results

Teacher professional development:

More articles are being published all the time. Let me know if you have questions or thoughts in the comments section.


Learn how CLASS works in Kindergarten through 12th grade